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Prime hospital, Hyderabad

Prime hospital

Neurosurgeon Clinic

Road no 1 Kukatpally housing board, kukatpally Hyderabad
1 Doctor
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Prime hospital Neurosurgeon Clinic Road no 1 Kukatpally housing board, kukatpally Hyderabad
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We like to think that we are an extraordinary practice that is all about you - your potential, your comfort, your health, and your individuality. You are important to us and we strive to ......more
We like to think that we are an extraordinary practice that is all about you - your potential, your comfort, your health, and your individuality. You are important to us and we strive to help you in every and any way that we can.
More about Prime hospital
Prime hospital is known for housing experienced Neurosurgeons. Dr. Bsv Raju, a well-reputed Neurosurgeon, practices in Hyderabad. Visit this medical health centre for Neurosurgeons recommended by 46 patients.

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Road no 1 Kukatpally housing board, kukatpally
Kukatpally Hyderabad, Telangana - 500072
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Doctor in Prime hospital

Dr. Bsv Raju

M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, DNB (Orthopedics)
Neurosurgeon
26 Years experience
₹300 online
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What To Expect Post A Brain Injury?

M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, DNB (Orthopedics)
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
What To Expect Post A Brain Injury?

The very thought of injury to the brain itself is traumatizing. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) refers to destruction or damage of brain tissues because of a car crash, sudden fall, assault, gunshot wound, etc. Brain damage occurs due to a blow to the injured person's head, which whips the head backward and forward or from one side to the other. In a car crash, specific areas like the temporal and frontal lobes of the brain seem to get damaged. Many individuals wish to know about post brain injury effects as they hold a certain misconception about this particular matter.

Be aware of what can be expected post a brain injury

Two kinds of effects are usually observed immediately after a TBI. The tissues of the injured individual's brain might react to trauma as well as lead to tissue damage along with a comprehensive series of physiological and biochemical responses. Certain things that were once safely housed in the cells might flood the brain after injury. Such process results in further destroying and damaging of brain cells and is termed as secondary cell death.

The other type of effect is actually noticed in the injured person's functioning. People with extremely severe injuries may lose consciousness during the period of trauma. The state of unconsciousness might last from a fraction of minutes to many weeks or several months. Lengthy loss of consciousness is better known as coma. Negative respiration changes and motor functions may also be produced just after few days of the trauma. Individuals with severe injuries may never regain consciousness, but others who will come to the conscious state may undergo certain neurologically-based signs like aggression, irritability, etc.

Just after few weeks of a brain injury, the healthy functioning of brain tissues are slightly affected due to bleeding, swelling as well as a change in brain chemistry. The eyes of an injured person might stay closed post injury, and he or she may not exhibit any positive signals of awareness. Slowly, with the decrease of swelling as well as blood flow along with an improvement of brain chemistry, the functioning of the brain tends to improve gradually.

Also, with proper treatment, the injured individual might seem to open his eyes slowly. Besides this, a sleep and wake cycle might also begin, and he or she may start to follow commands,provide a response to the members of the family and speak.

In certain cases, a person may also enter into the minimally conscious state. This means he or she will stay partially conscious and also understand the source of visual and sound stimulation. Such a person can show signs of vocalization at times as well as an outburst of emotions. Later, during recovery stages, an individual can also develop various physical and brain functions, and may regain the ability to respond gradually.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1998 people found this helpful

Herniated Disc - How Surgery Will Help?

M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, DNB (Orthopedics)
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Herniated Disc - How Surgery Will Help?

The spinal column supports the entire body. This is made of a number of individual bones stacked together with rubbery discs between them. These discs cushion the bones and act as shock absorbers. In some cases, the soft center of these discs can push through the exterior casing. This is known as a herniated disc. Not all herniated disc cases require treatment. However, in serious cases, treatment may include medications, surgery and physiotherapy. Surgery is usually the last resort for a herniated disc. There are four main types of surgeries that can be used to address this issue.

They include:

  1. Laminotomy or Laminectomy: This is a minimally invasive surgery. For this procedure, the doctor will make a small incision along the backbone through which an opening will be created in the Lamina or vertebral arch. This helps relieve pressure on the nerve roots and hence resolves pain caused by herniated discs. In some cases, the lamina may need to be removed. This is known as a laminectomy.
  2. Diskectomy or Microdiskectomy: A Diskectomyis one of the most common procedures used to address herniated discs in the lumbar region. For this procedure, the surgeon will make an incision along the neck or back. He will then remove a portion of the disc or the whole disc that is affected. This helps reduce pressure on the nerve roots. A Microdiskectomy refers to a minimally invasive form of this procedure. These procedures can be performed as an inpatient or outpatient procedures depending on the patient’s medical state.
  3. Artificial Disk Surgery: This procedure is performed while the patient is under general anesthesia. It is typically advised in cases where a single disc in the lower back region has herniated. An incision is made in the patient’s abdomen through which the damaged disc is removed and replaced with an artificial disc. This artificial disc may be created using plastic or metal. Artificial disc surgery is not recommended for arthritic and orthopedic patients or in cases where more than one disc is affected.
  4. Spinal Fusion: Spinal fusion is also performed while the patient is under general anesthesia and may require hospitalization for several days. For this procedure, two or more bones of the spinal column are fused together permanently to immobilize that part of the spine. This can be done with the help of bone grafts from a donor or any other part of the body along with plastic or metal screws and rods.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1839 people found this helpful

Stroke - Can You Prevent It From Happening?

M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, DNB (Orthopedics)
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Stroke - Can You Prevent It From Happening?

Lifestyle changes and unhealthy habits take a toll on one’s physical and mental health resulting in many diseases. One such disease that is growing common is the stroke that occurs due to a sudden interruption of blood supply to the brain. As with any lifestyle disease, the chances of having a stroke can be reduced as well. Knowing the risk factors and taking appropriate measures can prevent you from a stroke attack.

Read on to know the seven effective ways to prevent you from a stroke.

  1. Opt for a healthy lifestyle: While smoking leads to an increased risk of suffering from a stroke, excessive consumption of alcohol not only triggers irregular heartbeats, but also high blood pressure, which can be a solid reason behind having a stroke. Therefore, leading a healthy lifestyle free from smoking and alcohol can help in preventing strokes.
  2. Manage conditions: Whether it is diabetes or any other kind of illness which directly or indirectly give rise to the risk of having a stroke, dealing with one's underlying conditions is important. In case one is diagnosed with such a condition that can be responsible for a stroke, he or she must make it a point to keep that condition under control.
  3. Lose weight: Obesity is often known to increase the complexities associated with a stroke such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Therefore, for those who are overweight, losing a few pounds can be really helpful in preventing the chances of having a stroke.
  4. Keep blood pressure in check: High blood pressure often causes a stroke, if not controlled. It is referred to as the biggest contributor in causing a stroke by many. Lowering the high blood pressure or bringing it to normal levels can indeed be a great way of preventing a stroke.
  5. Exercise regularly: Exercise not only contributes to lowering the blood pressure, but also helps to maintain body weight while ensuring the overall fitness of the body. Some light hand exercises or regular walking combined with proper diet can do wonders in preventing a stroke.
  6. Have a proper sleep at night: Spending sleepless nights may increase the risk of stroke. Therefore, one must make it a point to maintain the necessary amount of sleep at night that can help in reducing stress and anxiety, while decreasing the chance of heart diseases as well as a stroke.
  7. Never ignore the palpitations: Ignoring the palpitations is the last thing one can want to do, if he or she is willing to prevent the chances of suffering a stroke. Feelings of lightheadedness or shortness of breath, chest pain and abnormal heart beats can be warning signs for a stroke. Therefore, you must pay proper attention to these and deal with appropriate medications.

An otherwise healthy person can stay away from stroke by continuing a healthy lifestyle and following the tips mentioned above. However, if you have suffered a stroke earlier, then it becomes imperative to follow these tips along with supervised medical care.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1943 people found this helpful

Dementia - How To Know If Someone Is Suffering From It?

M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, DNB (Orthopedics)
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Dementia - How To Know If Someone Is Suffering From It?

Ageing is inevitable, and as much as we want to escape, there is no way out. All organs, whether obvious or not, undergo gradual degeneration and deterioration. The brain is no exception, and memory being one of its main function also begins to decline with age. There are various factors which determine how quickly this ageing sets in and how rapidly it progresses. These are dictated by a person’s lifestyle, activity levels, and overall body changes. Dementia also has a strong family history, and if you know someone who has a family history, there are some early signs that you could watch for. This will help in both empathizing with the person, as well as to help in arresting progression. Read on to know the signs that need to be watched out for.

  1. Mood changes: Sudden changes in mood, especially going into short periods of depression without an obvious reason, is one of the first symptoms of dementia. If it is happening repeatedly, this can help identify dementia.
  2. Personality changes: If a shy person suddenly becomes outgoing or vice versa, this could be an early indicator of dementia. They either develop or shed inhibitions, which is a new change for them.
  3. Memory loss: Sudden short-term memory loss for a person who had a very strong memory is a definite indicator of dementia. They might clearly remember the distant events but forget small things like where to find their medicines, where things are in the kitchen or bathroom, etc. Because of this, you might see them repeating what they just did. This could be like washing a glass again, saying or asking the same thing again, etc.
  4. The difficulty with regular tasks: Short-term memory loss causes difficulty with regular tasks like laying out the dinner table, finding regular medicines, paying utility bills, etc. There is also difficulty in learning new tasks, which further complicates things.
  5. Feeling lost: Due to sudden memory loss and difficulty with regular tasks, they suddenly feel lost, which in turns adds to their depression.
  6. Apathy: This also leads to a general lack of interest in things and people around them. They could have had hobbies, which no longer interest them.
  7. Disoriented: They find it difficult to be aligned to time and space. Directions which they clearly know could seem difficult.
  8. Not able to connect the dots: While the elderly people are generally good at telling stories and anecdotes, with dementia setting in, this becomes difficult.

These are some symptoms which can help identify if a near one is slowly developing dementia. Identifying in the early stages can help in arresting progress and extending support.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1925 people found this helpful

Muscular Dystrophy - Ways You Can Deal With It!

M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, DNB (Orthopedics)
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Muscular Dystrophy - Ways You Can Deal With It!

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscular problems which leads to loss of muscle mass and therefore loss of muscle strength. This is a progressive condition and gradually worsens with time. in some cases, the patients may experience complete muscle breakdown, ultimately affecting patient mobility to a large extent. The condition is usually inherited and caused by genetic mutations. It can affect children and adults alike. There are different types of the condition but the most common ones are:

  • Myotonic
  • Duchenne’s
  • Becker
  • Congenital
  • Distal

In addition to the patient, there is a lot of stress on the caregiver and so coping with MD is hard not just on the patient, but also on the caregivers. Listed below are some medical and nonmedical measures to deal with this condition.

  1. Medications: These could include corticosteroids which can delay the progression of MD. The doctor might also prescribe heart medications if the heart muscles are affected.
  2. Therapy: Physical and occupational therapy play a major role in the management of MD. Therapies could include a range of motion exercises to improve the flexibility of the particular joint and improve mobility. With time, some joints could become rigid and the range of movement may also become limited.
  3. Strength training: Another major problem with MD is the gradual loss of strength in the muscles. Training the muscles to retain and if possible improve strength is another objective of treatment. To this end, the doctor might prescribe exercises depending on overall health of the patient.
  4. Breathing aids: If the lungs are affected, then the person would need breathing aids to improve oxygen supply to the lungs and also other body parts. Sleep apnea is a common condition seen in people with MD, which makes breathing at night difficult.
  5. Braces: If the muscles are becoming rigid, then braces can be used to keep them in place. This helps in slowing the progression of muscle rigidity and also provides support for weakened muscles.
  6. Vaccination: Vaccination for pneumonia and flu should be up to date, as the chances of infection are higher
  7. Diet: Healthy diet is recommended, as eating too much junk and fried foods can lead to obesity, etc.

Especially if a child is affected, it is very important to not to keep them away from their regularly affects. Empathizing with them and working with them is very important. Encourage what they are able to do on their own, and gradually assist them to do more. Keep the school informed of issues so that they can provide necessary attention care and attention whenever required. For adults, being part of social forums and/or groups helps, as there would be others who are going through the same problem as you, so you can get tips and suggestions for coping.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1754 people found this helpful

Hemifacial Spasms - How They Can Be Treated?

M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, DNB (Orthopedics)
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Hemifacial Spasms - How They Can Be Treated?

A Hemifacial spasm is a disorder of the nervous system that causes one side of the face to twitch involuntarily. This may be caused by the compression or irritation of facial nerves. This is most commonly caused by a blood vessel that puts pressure on a facial nerve. In many cases, there is no apparent cause of a hemifacial spasm. In other cases, it can be triggered by an injury to a facial nerve or a tumor.

One of the most characteristic symptoms of this condition is involuntary twitching of the facial muscles. This typically begins around the eyes and can lead to forced closure of the eye. Gradually, these spasms spread to the lower part of the face and may turn continuous or affect all the facial muscles on one side of the face. These spams may worsen when the person is stressed or tired. Pain is usually not a symptom of this condition.
Hemifacial spasms can be treated in a few different ways. These include:

  1. Botulinum Toxin Injection: This is the most common form of treatment for this condition. This involves injecting small amounts of botulinum toxin into the patient’s face. The area around the eye is the primary target for such treatment. As a result of these injections, the muscles in the face are temporarily weakened and spasms are relieved. The effects of this injection can last for 3 to 6 months. Some of the side effects of this form of treatment include weakness, ptosis and facial asymmetry. However, these effects are usually temporary.
  2. Pharmacologic Therapy: In cases where spasms are infrequent and mild, medication may be used as treatment. It is also often prescribed to people who cannot be treated for this condition with botulinum toxin injections. Medication may also be prescribed to patients with early idiopathic hemifacial spasms or non-compressive lesions. This form of treatment is usually successful in early of mild cases of hemifacial spasms. However, over time, the effects of these medications can attenuate and more aggressive treatment may be required.
  3. Surgical Decompression: This form of treatment can have excellent results. It is often recommended in cases where the other two forms of treatment are unsuccessful. The most common type of surgical procedure used to address this condition is known as microvascular decompression. Another type of surgery that can be used is called the posterior fossa exploration. In rare cases, a Myectomy may be prescribed.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1692 people found this helpful

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