X-linked Ichthyosis is considered as one of the main types of ichthyosis. X-linked Ichthyosis is characterized by a condition in which skin cells are produced at a normal rate, but they do not separate at the surface of the stratum corneum. As a result of X-linked Ichthyosis skin is not shed as quickly as they should be, resulting in formation of scales. Symptoms of X-linked Ichthyosis are:
• Scales on the back of the neck
• Scaling of the lower extremities
• Dark brown or gray color of skin
HOW IS X-LINKED ICHTHYOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of X-linked Ichthyosis is based on symptoms, physical observation and clinical diagnostics. Prenatal diagnostics of X-linked Ichthyosis is done through amniocentesis. Genetic testing confirms diagnosis of X-linked Ichthyosis
HOW IS X-LINKED ICHTHYOSIS TREATED?
X-linked ichthyosis is treated by applying skin softening creams and lotions. This can be especially effective after bathing while the skin is still moist. X-linked ichthyosis responds relatively well to topical treatment with alpha-hydroxy acids, which accelerate the shedding of the dead skin cells. Cholesterol containing emollients may also improve the scaling. Alpha-hydroxy acids may sting the skin of babies and young children and should be used cautiously or in combination with another mild emollient product.