Also referred to as nephroblastoma, Wilms Tumor is a rare form of tumor that happens in the kidneys and tends to affect children mostly. It can happen in both kidneys or even one kidney. In such cases, the patient experiences swelling in the stomach and heaviness that is accompanied with high fever and blood in the urine in some cases to.
HOW IS WILMS TUMOR DIAGNOSED?
Several tests are used to confirm a Wilms tumor diagnosis and determine the stage of the disease. Tests that might be used include:
• Computed tomography (CT or CAT scan)
• Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
• Bone scans
• Laboratory tests such as blood tests and urinalysis check the general health of a patient and to detect any adverse side effects (such as low red or white blood cell counts) of the treatment.
HOW IS WILMS TUMOR TREATED?
The first step in treatment is to stage the tumor. Staging helps doctors determine how far the cancer has spread and to plan for the best treatment. Surgery to remove the tumor is scheduled as soon as possible. Surrounding tissues and organs may also need to be removed if the tumor has spread. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy will often be started after surgery, depending on the stage of the tumor.
DID YOU KNOW?
Most kids undergoing treatment for Wilms don't have special nutritional requirements or need medication for low blood cell counts, as most other cancer patients do. However, parents must watch for signs of distress, like fever, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. A child with a high fever should see a doctor right away.