Truncus arteriosus is a birth defect of the heart. It occurs when the blood vessel coming out of the heart in the developing baby fails to separate completely during development, leaving a connection between the aorta and pulmonary artery. There are several different types of truncus, depending on how the arteries remain connected. Symptoms include:
• Bluish skin (cyanosis)
• Delayed growth or growth failure
• Poor feeding
• Rapid breathing (tachypnea)
• Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
• Widening of the fingertips (clubbing)
HOW IS TRUNCUS ARTERIOSUS DIAGNOSED?
A Cardiologist diagnoses Truncus Arteriosus by conducting an Echocardiogram, and X-rays to closely examine the structure of the heart.
HOW IS TRUNCUS ARTERIOSUS TREATED?
Treatment for Truncus arteriosus is possible only through surgical modes. Here the patient would require a surgical process to separate the two arteries. Usually this treatment works in the long run but future testing and scans are suggested.
DID YOU KNOW?
One of the few steps you can take to help prevent birth defects, including spinal cord, brain and possibly heart defects, is to take 400 micrograms of folic acid daily.