Tinnitus is a physical condition, experienced as noises or ringing in the ears or head when no such external physical noise is present. Tinnitus is usually caused by a fault in the hearing system, it is a symptom, not a disease in itself. Symptoms include these types of phantom noises in your ears:
HOW IS TINNITUS DIAGNOSED?
The doctor will examine the ears, head and neck to look for possible causes of tinnitus. Tests include:
• Hearing (audiological) exam - This can help rule out or identify possible causes of tinnitus.
• Movement - The doctor may ask to move eyes, clench jaw, or move neck, arms and legs. If the tinnitus changes or worsens, it may help identify an underlying disorder that needs treatment.
• Imaging tests - Depending on the suspected cause of the tinnitus, one may need imaging tests such as CT or MRI scans.
HOW IS TINNITUS TREATED?
Drug therapy, anti anxiety medications and antidepressants are prescribed to treat Tinnitus. Lifestyle changes, noise suppression machines and hearing aids can also help in treating Tinnitus.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are two types of tinnitus: subjective tinnitus and objective tinnitus.Tinnitus is usually subjective, meaning that others cannot hear it. Subjective tinnitus has been also called ""tinnitus aurium"" ""nonauditory"" and ""nonvibratory"" tinnitus. Occasionally, tinnitus may be heard by someone else using a stethoscope: in which case, it is objective tinnitus. Objective tinnitus has been called ""pseudo-tinnitus"" or ""vibratory"" tinnitus.