A thoracic aortic aneurysm is a weakened area in the upper part of the aorta. The aorta is the major blood vessel that feeds blood to the body. It may also be called thoracic aneurysm and aortic dissection (TAAD) because an aneurysm can lead to a tear in the artery wall (dissection) that can cause life-threatening bleeding. Small and slow-growing thoracic aortic aneurysms may not ever rupture, but large, fast-growing aneurysms may rupture.
HOW IS THORACIC AORTIC ANEURYSM DIAGNOSED?
The physical exam is often normal unless a rupture or leak has occurred. Most thoracic aortic aneurysms are detected on imaging tests performed for other reasons. These tests include chest x-ray, echocardiogram, or chest CT scan or MRI. A chest CT scan shows the size of the aorta and the exact location of the aneurysm. An aortogram (a special set of x-ray images made when dye is injected into the aorta) can identify the aneurysm and any branches of the aorta that may be involved.
HOW IS THORACIC AORTIC ANEURYSM TREATED?
The treatment of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm involves two types of corrective surgery namely opens surgery and endovascular surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
Serious complications after aortic surgery can include:
• Graft infection
• Heart attack
• Irregular heartbeat
• Kidney damage