Syncope, also known as fainting, happens when a person loses consciousness for a short time because the brain isn't getting enough oxygen. A spell of Syncope generally lasts from a few seconds to a few minutes. In many cases, Syncope is triggered by a number of factors such as severe pain, emotional trauma, low blood sugar due to diabetes, and dehydration. There are three types of Syncope namely Vasovagal Syncope, Carotid Sinus Syncope and Situational Syncope.
HOW IS SYNCOPE DIAGNOSED?
A Cardiologist diagnoses Syncope by performing a physical examination and examining the medical history of the patient. Additional may also be ordered by the doctor such as blood test to check for any chemical imbalances, head CT scan, Echocardiogram, and ECG.
HOW IS SYNCOPE TREATED?
Finding out the triggers for Syncope and avoiding them is the best preventive measure. Drugs may be prescribed to treat low blood pressure. Rarely a surgery may be performed to place a pacemaker for treating Syncope.
DID YOU KNOW?
Syncope is a common condition. It affects 3% of men and 3.5% of women at some point in life. Syncope is more common as one gets older and affects up to 6% of people over age 75. The condition can occur at any age and happens in people with and without other medical problems.