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Doctors for Swelling of Legs in Mallige Nagar, Hubli-Dharwad
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Patient reviews for Doctors for Swelling of Legs in Mallige Nagar, Hubli-Dharwad
Lybrate User's review for Dr. Ashutosh Wahi
dr wahi marvelous his experience appear in way of asking to patient. Read more reviews
Kalmesh's review for Dr. R. V. Desai
yea it was nice meeting doctor .... was satisfied with hi consultant Read more reviews
SWELLING OF LEGS
Foot, leg, and ankle swelling is also known as peripheral edema, which refers to an accumulation of fluid in these parts of the body. The buildup of fluid usually isn't painful, unless it’s due to injury. Swelling is often more apparent in the lower areas of the body because of gravity. Foot, leg, and ankle swelling is most common in older adults. The swelling can occur on both sides of the body or on just one side. One or more areas in the lower body may be affected. Common causes of leg swelling include salt retention, cellulitis, congestive heart failure, venous insufficiency, pregnancy, and medication side effects. Less common causes of leg swelling include blood clots in the leg (deep vein thrombosis), parasite infection, lymphedema, liver disease and cirrhosis, kidney disease and nephrotic syndrome, broken ankle, broken leg, and diseases that cause thickness of the layers of skin, such as scleroderma and eosinophilic fasciitis.
HOW IS SWELLING OF LEGS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis may often be clear without the need for further tests, however, potential investigations include:
Urinalysis: proteinuria suggests renal cause.
FBC: high white cell count in infection, anaemia.
Biochemistry: renal function and electrolytes (raised creatinine in renal disease), LFTs (impaired liver function and associated low albumin), glucose (infection associated with diabetes), TFTs (hypothyroidism).
Clotting screen: abnormal clotting associated with spontaneous haematoma.
CXR: pulmonary oedema.
D-dimer blood test: D-dimers are products of fibrin degradation and are raised in patients with venous thromboembolism. Sensitivity of the test is high but specificity is poor.
ECG, echocardiogram: heart failure.
Ultrasound, CT scan: haematoma, tumour, abdominal or pelvic mass.
Duplex Doppler, venography: deep vein thrombosis, arteriovenous fistula.
Lymphangiography: demonstrates cause of lymphoedema and whether due to hypoplasia or obstruction.
Lymph node biopsy: infection, tumour.
HOW IS SWELLING OF LEGS TREATED?
The treatment will focus on the cause of the swelling. The health care provider may prescribe diuretics to reduce the swelling, but these can have side effects. Home treatment for leg swelling that is not related to a serious medical condition should be tried before drug therapy.
DID YOU KNOW?
Regular exercising can prevent Swelling of Legs as it helps in maintaining a good circulation of blood.