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SURGICAL SITE INFECTION
A Surgical Site Infection is an infection that occurs after surgery in the part of the body where the surgery took place. Surgical Site Infections can sometimes be superficial infections involving the skin only. Other Surgical Site Infections are more serious and can involve tissues under the skin, organs or implanted material. There are three types of Surgical Site Infection namely Superficial Incisional Surgical Site Infection, Deep Incisional Surgical Site Infection and Organ or Space Surgical Site Infection. The common signs of Surgical Site Infection include redness, delayed healing, fever, pain, tenderness, warmth or swelling.
HOW IS SURGICAL SITE INFECTION DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is done in various ways eg samples of the pus may be grown in a culture to find out the types of germs that are causing the infection. A collection of pus, called an abscess, is an enclosed area of pus and disintegrating tissue surrounded by inflammation. An abscess may be seen when the surgeon reopens the wound or by special X-ray studies.
HOW IS SURGICAL SITE INFECTION TREATED?
Treatment for Surgical Site Infection includes using antibiotics to restrain the infection. The area or wounded part is also cleared more regularly using alcohol and other forms of disinfectants. Tetanus shots may also be given.
DID YOU KNOW?
Surgical wounds can become infected by:
• Germs that are already on the skin that spread to the surgical wound
• Germs that are inside the body or from the organ on which the surgery was performed
• Germs that are in the air
• Infected hands of a caregiver or healthcare provider
• Infected surgical instruments