Strabismus, more commonly known as cross-eyed or wall-eyed, is a vision condition in which a person cannot align both eyes simultaneously under normal conditions. This interferes with binocular vision because it prevents a person from directing both eyes simultaneously towards the same fixation point. It also typically affects depth perception. Heterotopia is a medical synonym for the condition.
HOW IS STRABISMUS DIAGNOSED?
Ophthalmologist can diagnose Strabismus through routine eye examination. While diagnosing for the condition, he may ask you if there was an eye injury. The perception of color, depth and distance may also be evaluated by the doctor. Cover testing and Hirschberg test are the two tests followed for Strabismus. For children, retinal birefringence scanning is conducted for diagnosing eye misalignment.
HOW IS STRABISMUS TREATED?
The treatment of Strabismus depends upon the cause and severity of the condition and its treatment includes eye exercises, surgery to strengthen certain muscles, eye drops and eyeglasses.
DID YOU KNOW?
Strabismus cause at birth is not known but it does tend to run in families.