Scleritis is a medical condition in which the sclera becomes infected and inflamed. The sclera is the protective outer layer of the eye. People with Scleritis experience severe inflammation and pain. Symptoms of Scleritis are:
• severe eye pain that responds poorly to pain killers
• pain during eye movements
• pain spreading to entire face
• deep seated headaches
• double vision
• excessive tearing
• decreased vision
HOW IS SCLERITIS DIAGNOSED?
Your ophthalmology specialist will conduct a thorough physical examination and check for your medical history details. The doctor will ask if you have had any trauma or physical injury. The doctor will then recommend an ultrasonography to diagnose the condition. Blood tests and a biopsy of sclera will be needed for definitive diagnosis.
HOW IS SCLERITIS TREATED?
Treatment of the condition focuses on fighting the infection to prevent permanent damage. Medications such as nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs are administered for anterior scleritis. Oral glucocorticoids are recommended for posterior scleritis.
DID YOU KNOW?
Different types of Scleritis are distinguished based on the Watson and Hayreh classification.