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Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) or Terry syndrome, previously known as retrolental fibroplasia (RLF), is a disease of the eye affecting prematurely-born babies generally having received intensive neonatal care, in which oxygen therapy is used on them due to the premature development of their lungs. It is thought to be caused by disorganized growth of retinal blood vessels which may result in scarring and retinal detachment. ROP can be mild and may resolve spontaneously, but it may lead to blindness in serious cases.
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
An ophthalmologist also skilled in evaluating and examining the eyes of infants would be able to diagnosis this disorder by dilating the eyes. Infants born before 31 weeks undergo eye examinations to help diagnose this disorder early.
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
Laser surgery, the standard treatment for advanced ROP, saves sight in the main part of the visual field, but at the cost of side (peripheral) vision. Laser surgery also requires general anesthesia, which may be risky for preterm infants.
DID YOU KNOW?
The history of this disease is 30% high in developing countries and about 5-8% in developed countries.