Rhinosporidiosis is an infection caused by rhinosporidium seeberi. This organism was first assumed to be a fungus, but recent studies reveal that it is a protist. Rhinosporidiosis affects the mucus membrane of nasopharynx, oropharynx, conjunctiva, rectum and external genitalia. Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic granulomatous infection of the mucous membranes. Traumatic inoculation from one site to another is quite common. Symptoms are:
• Nose obstruction
• Bleeding from nose
• Runny nose
• Postnasal discharge
• Nasal polyps
HOW IS RHINOSPORIDIOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Rhinosporidiosis depends on specific symptoms and a complete physical examination of the patient. Ear-nose-throat specialist may examine your nasal and oral passages for polyps. Identification of typical structures of the rhinosporidium seeberi through microscopic examination confirms diagnosis
HOW IS RHINOSPORIDIOSIS TREATED?
Rhinosporidiosis is treated with surgical methods because, generally, medical treatment has not been proven effective. However, multiple reports of successful treatment of individuals with long courses of dapsone have been published. This drug may be useful in individuals with multisite disease.
DID YOU KNOW?
Patients infected with Rhinosporidiosis are mostly diagnosed with inflamed nose and nasopharynx