Rhinosporidiosis is a mucosal and cutaneous mycosis caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi.The disease is endemic in India and Sri Lanka but sporadic cases occur in the western hemisphere.The lesion produces bulky, friable mucosal polyps in the nasal cavity and nasopharynx. Less frequently the infection involves the conjunctiva, mouth, larynx, genitalia and skin.The infection results from a local traumatic inoculation with the organism while swimming or bathing in freshwater ponds, lakes or rivers. The patient complains of swelling and foreign body sensation in the nose accompanied by itching, sneezing and bleeding.
HOW IS RHINOSPORIDIOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by an ENT or general physician who would observe the eyes and the nose and do a tissue test or culture test.
HOW IS RHINOSPORIDIOSIS TREATED?
Treatment of Rhinosporidiosis is surgical excision at the lesion base. Yearlong dose of medications is known to show effects on Rhinosporidiosis
DID YOU KNOW?
Disease endemic in Chhattisgarh South India, Sri Lanka, South America and Africa. It is presumed to be transmitted by exposure to the pathogen when taking a bath in stagnant water pools where animals also bathe.