Doctors for Retinoblastoma in Mallige Nagar, Hubli-Dharwad
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Retinoblastoma is a rare type of eye cancer that usually develops in early childhood, typically before the age of 5. This form of cancer develops in the retina, which is the specialized light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that detects light and color. In most children with retinoblastoma, the disease affects only one eye. However, one out of three children with retinoblastoma develops cancer in both eyes. The most common first sign of retinoblastoma is a visible whiteness in the pupil called ""cat's eye reflex"" or leukocoria. This unusual whiteness is particularly noticeable in photographs taken with a flash. Other signs and symptoms of retinoblastoma include crossed eyes or eyes that do not point in the same direction (strabismus), persistent eye pain, redness, or irritation, and blindness or poor vision in the affected eye(s).
HOW IS RETINOBLASTOMA DIAGNOSED?
Retinoblastoma can usually be diagnosed accurately without a biopsy by doctors.Imaging tests using x-rays, sound waves, magnetic fields, or radioactive substances may be done to confirm if a tumor in the eye is likely to be a retinoblastoma and to determine how large the tumor is and how far it has spread.
HOW IS RETINOBLASTOMA TREATED?
There are many forms of treatment for retinoblastoma ― all targeted at killing cancer cells. The following treatments, or a combination of treatments, may be recommended:
• Intra-arterial chemotherapy
• External beam radiation
• Radioactive plaques
• Transpupillary thermotherapy
DID YOU KNOW?
This rare form of cancer mostly affects children and can occur in one or both eyes.