Doctors for Retinoblastoma in Chickballapur, Hubli-Dharwad
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Retinoblastoma is a rare type of eye cancer that usually develops in early childhood, typically before the age of 5. This form of cancer develops in the retina, which is the specialized light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that detects light and color. In most children with retinoblastoma, the disease affects only one eye. However, one out of three children with retinoblastoma develops cancer in both eyes. The most common first sign of retinoblastoma is a visible whiteness in the pupil called ""cat's eye reflex"" or leukocoria. This unusual whiteness is particularly noticeable in photographs taken with a flash. Other signs and symptoms of retinoblastoma include crossed eyes or eyes that do not point in the same direction (strabismus), persistent eye pain, redness, or irritation, and blindness or poor vision in the affected eye(s).
HOW IS RETINOBLASTOMA DIAGNOSED?
Ophthalmologists conduct a detailed eye examination and also evaluate your symptoms. The advice of an oncologist may be sought for confirmation of diagnosis. Imaging tests like ultrasound, MRI and CT scan help in determining the growth of cancer to other parts.
HOW IS RETINOBLASTOMA TREATED?
Treatment of this form of cancer would depend on the size of the tumour and how far it has spread. Chemotherapy could help in shrinking the tumour whereas radiation therapy could be used to destroy cancer cells. Surgery to remove the eye to ensure that the cancer does not spread to other parts of the body maybe needed if the tumour is to large.
DID YOU KNOW?
This rare form of cancer mostly affects children and can occur in one or both eyes.