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One of the rare conditions that affects children is Renal Agenesis where either one or both of the kidneys do not develop. In some cases, an infant can have just one undeveloped kidney and in other cases there are two. Usually such babies would have low set ears, receding chin, limb defects, high protein in blood, high blood pressure and also some blood in the urine.
HOW IS RENAL AGENESIS DIAGNOSED?
Renal agenesis is detected during routine prenatal ultrasounds. When BRA is identified, prenatal MRI is used to confirm the complete absence of both kidneys.
HOW IS RENAL AGENESIS TREATED?
Most individuals with unilateral renal agenesis lead normal lives although there is an increased risk of renal infections, nephrolithiasis, hypertension and/or renal failure. No specific treatment is necessary. Bilateral agenesis is lethal with pulmonary hypoplasia being the most common cause of death. Bilateral renal agenesis is said to carry a recurrence risk of 3% for sporadic cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Annually,renal agenesis occur in less than one percent of births. URA occurs one in 1,000 newborns whereas BRA occurs in about one in 3000 births.