Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is an inherited kidney disorder that causes fluid-filled cysts to form in the kidneys and Polycystic Kidney Disease may impair kidney function and eventually cause kidney failure. Polycystic Kidney Disease is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure and people suffering from Polycystic Kidney Disease may also develop cysts in the liver and other complications. Some of the initial symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease include frequent urination, kidney stones, blood in the urine, pain in the sides, pale skin color and joint pain, among others.
HOW IS POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
A general surgeon may use imaging tests to look for cysts of the kidney, liver, and other organs. Imaging tests used to diagnose PKD include:
• abdominal ultrasound: a non-invasive test that uses sound waves to look at your kidneys for cysts
• abdominal CT scan: can detect smaller cysts in the kidneys
• abdominal MRI scan: uses strong magnets to image your body to visualize kidney structure and look for cysts
• intravenous pyelogram: uses a dye to make your blood vessels show up more clearly on an X-ray
HOW IS POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE TREATED?
Treatment for this disease include pain medication except Ibuprofen that is known to make the condition worse. Alongside a low sodium diet is suggested and antibiotics are given to reduce UTI risks. Surgery is conducted if the problem tends to get very acute or serious, including kidney transplant.
DID YOU KNOW?
PKD is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure. People with PKD may also develop cysts in the liver and other complications.