Polio, also known as Poliomyelitis, is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. There are three types of Polio infections namely Sub-Clinical, Non-Paralytic and Paralytic. Some of the common signs of Polio include sore, red throat, headache, vomiting, and general discomfort.
HOW IS POLIO DIAGNOSED?
Doctors will go by the physical examination of the Polio patient, in particular, the lack of reflexes and stiffness in the joints and so on. For a more thorough diagnosis, the General Physician or the Paediatric will send the patient’s throat secretions for testing for the poliovirus.
HOW IS POLIO TREATED?
There is really no cure found so far for Polio. In terms of an ongoing treatment, some painkillers to take care of the aches and antibiotics to fight infections would be the normal course adopted by the doctors. In some cases physical therapy is also recommended.
DID YOU KNOW?
Children younger than 5 years old are more likely to contract the virus than any other group.