The most common form of plague is bubonic plague. It’s usually contracted when an infected rodent or flea bites you. In very rare cases, you can get the bacteria from material that has come into contact with an infected person. Bubonic plague infects your lymphatic system (the immune system), causing inflammation. Untreated, it can move into the blood and cause septicemic plague, or to the lungs, causing pneumonic plague. The symptoms are:
• fever and chills
• muscle pain
• general weakness
HOW IS PLAGUE DIAGNOSED?
If a general physician suspects plague you might be advised a blood test to check for the bacteria in your body. A blood test can reveal if you have septicemia plague. To check for bubonic plague, your doctor will use a needle to take a sample of the fluid in your swollen lymph nodes. To check for pneumonic plague, fluid will be extracted from your airways by a tube that is inserted down your nose or mouth and down your throat. This is called an endoscopy. The samples will be sent to a laboratory for analysis. Preliminary results may be ready in just two hours, but confirmatory testing takes 24 to 48 hours. Often, if the plague is suspected, your doctor will begin treatment with antibiotics before the diagnosis is confirmed. This is because the plague progresses rapidly and being treated early can make a big difference in your recovery.
HOW IS PLAGUE TREATED?
The treatment of Plague usually involves strong antibiotics and often, breathing support. People suffering from Plague must be isolated
DID YOU KNOW?
Outbreak of plague can turn into an epidemic and hence it is vital to get vaccinated for the same if you live in a high-risk zone.