Patent ductus arteriosus or PDA is a chronic condition where the ductus arteriosus fails right after birth. There are usually no early symptoms here but during the first year, there is poor weight gain and trouble breathing in the baby. With time it could lead to congestive heart failure followed with similar ailments in the early childhood.
HOW IS PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Patent Ductus arteriosus is based on specific symptoms and clinical evaluation. Pediatricians consider heart murmur in infants as the first sign of patent ductus arteriosus. Other diagnostic tests are echocardiogram, chest X-ray, electrocardiogram and cardiac catheterization
HOW IS PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS TREATED?
Usually if the opening isn't to large, there may not be any treatment needed. Also, doctors may suggest watchful waiting as it is possible for the opening to close off on its own in some time. Some medications may be administered to help close the PDA. An open heart surgery is an option to consider if medications are not effective.
DID YOU KNOW?
On average, PDA occurs in about 8 out of every 1,000 premature babies, compared with 2 out of every 1,000 full-term babies. Premature babies also are more vulnerable to the effects of PDA. PDA is twice as common in girls as it is in boys.