Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition in which the ductus arteriosus does not close. The word ""patent"" means open. The ductus arteriosus is a blood vessel that allows blood to go around the baby's lungs before birth. Soon after the infant is born and the lungs fill with air, the ductus arteriosus is no longer needed. It most often closes in a couple of days after birth. If the vessel doesn't close, it is referred to as a PDA. It leads to abnormal blood flow between the 2 major blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the lungs and to the rest of the body.
HOW IS PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Patent Ductus arteriosus is based on specific symptoms and clinical evaluation. Pediatricians consider heart murmur in infants as the first sign of patent ductus arteriosus. Other diagnostic tests are echocardiogram, chest X-ray, electrocardiogram and cardiac catheterization
HOW IS PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS TREATED?
The treatment of Patent Ductus Arteriosus involves surgery and antibiotics to close the opening in Patent Ductus Arteriosus.
DID YOU KNOW?
On average, PDA occurs in about 8 out of every 1,000 premature babies, compared with 2 out of every 1,000 full-term babies. Premature babies also are more vulnerable to the effects of PDA. PDA is twice as common in girls as it is in boys.