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Doctors for Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria in New Cotton Market, Hubli-Dharwad
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PAROXYSMAL NOCTURNAL HEMOGLOBINURIA
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare disorder of the red blood cells that causes the red blood cells to break prematurely. This is basically an acquired hematopoietic stem cell disorder. Some hematopoietic stem cells in individuals with PNH are defective and are hence quite susceptible to premature destruction by a person’s own immune system. The symptoms of the condition vary from person to person. While some people may have mild symptoms that remain stable for years, there may be others who may experience life threatening symptoms in a rather short span of time. Approximately 15-30 percent of individuals with PNH develop blood clots, especially in the veins and all patients of PNH have some type of bone marrow dysfunction. Anaemia is another common symptom.
HOW IS PAROXYSMAL NOCTURNAL HEMOGLOBINURIA DIAGNOSED?
A general physician will conduct a thorough clinical evaluation along with a variety of specialized tests. The main test for diagnosis of this condition is flow cytometry, a blood test that can identify PNH cells.
HOW IS PAROXYSMAL NOCTURNAL HEMOGLOBINURIA TREATED?
There are some patients who do not require treatment because the disease is in a very diluted level. However, for severe cases, blood transfusion is mandatory followed with chances of bone marrow transplantation. In other cases, the patient is also given iron supplements and suggested a healthy diet for improving blood count.
DID YOU KNOW?
Death at a very young age is fairly common and hence medical consultation should be done in advance.