Otitis Media is basically an infection in the air-filled space behind the ear drum. This is a painful condition that presents symptoms such as excessive crying, irritation, sleeplessness, ear and head pain, fluid drainage from the ear, diarrhoea, vomiting, lack of balance and temporary hearing loss. The condition is more common in children aged 6 months to 3 years.
HOW IS OTITIS MEDIA DIAGNOSED?
A general physician may physically evaluate the child and recommend an ENT specialist who will use an otoscope to carefully examine the ear for redness, swelling, pus or fluid. A tympanometry test and a reflectometry test is performed along with hearing test.
HOW IS OTITIS MEDIA TREATED?
The majority of Otitis Media infections resolve without antibiotic treatment. Home treatment and pain medications are usually recommended before antibiotics are tried to avoid the overuse of antibiotics and reduce the risk of adverse reactions from antibiotics. In certain cases the doctor may suggest Surgery eg adenoid removal and ear tube surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
Babies between the age of 6 to 36 months are most prone to this condition.