Oncologic emergencies are complications that arise due to cancer or after treatment of cancer. These conditions require immediate medical attention and in most cases, in patient treatment is a must.
HOW IS ONCOLOGIC EMERGENCIES DIAGNOSED?
The signs and symptoms of oncologic emergencies would vary depending upon the condition such as for spinal cord compression patients would have back pain and a fast growing mass. Patients with leukaemia are susceptible to infections especially of the lungs and skin.
HOW IS ONCOLOGIC EMERGENCIES TREATED?
Treatment for this complication is largely based on the cancer type that the individual suffers from and the underlying symptoms. In most cases, surgical intervention is necessary to help in minimizing the risks of multiple organ failure along with immunotherapy, radiation and other similar modes.
DID YOU KNOW?
Examples of oncologic emergencies include tumour lysis syndrome and other metabolic abnormalities, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC), hyperleukocytosis and leukostasis, fever in the setting of neutropenia, and spinal cord compression from a tumour mass.