Ocular Albinism is a genetic disorder that is characterized by vision abnormalities. The vision problems are congenital and generally do not progress over time. The skin and the hair of the affected individuals are mostly normal. The involuntary eye movement, known as nystagmus, is the most common vision problem in people with this condition. There can be reduced iris pigment in some while others may have reduced retinal pigment among other such signs.
HOW IS OCULAR ALBINISM DIAGNOSED?
This disorder is diagnosed by the characteristic signs and symptoms exhibited by the patient. An eye test could be performed for further confirmation.
HOW IS OCULAR ALBINISM TREATED?
Treatment for infants including using eye patches for correcting the disorder. In others, there could be the use of tinted glasses that is known for reducing photophobia. Using bifocals in both adults and kids is known to help in the same. Drugs like Nitisinone are also given as a preventive measure for parents with a history of the same. Though it is not completely effective, it helps reduce the extent of the disorder.