Nephrotic Syndrome is a term used to describe a group of symptoms that include protein in the urine, low blood protein levels and high cholesterol levels. Nephrotic Syndrome is caused due to different disorders that damage the kidneys leading to excessive protein in urine. Symptoms are:
• Edema in face, legs and eyes
• Swelling in arms and legs
• Swollen abdomen
• Skin rash
• Skin sores
• Poor appetite
• Weight gain
HOW IS NEPHROTIC SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by a general physician who would test for protein levels in the urine and also do an ultrasound to scan the kidney functions. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) or aluminium levels are also tested.
HOW IS NEPHROTIC SYNDROME TREATED?
The main treatment for nephrotic syndrome is steroids, but additional treatments may also be used if a child develops significant side effects. Most children have relapses until their late teens and need to take steroids when these occur. Nephrotic syndrome can lead to other problems that may need treatment, including high blood pressure, blood clots, and high cholesterol or triglycerides.
DID YOU KNOW?
Cause of Nephrotic Syndrome is determined through kidney biopsy