Doctors for Nephrolithiasis in Unaki, Hubli-Dharwad
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The formation of crystal aggregates in the urinary tract results in kidney stones, the clinical condition referred to as nephrolithiasis. Kidney stones might produce no symptoms or may be associated with one or several of the following: flank pain, gross or microscopic hematuria, obstruction of one or both kidneys, and urinary infections. The stones are usually formed by one of four substances: calcium, uric acid, magnesium ammonium phosphates (or struvite), or cystine.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS DIAGNOSED?
Stone analysis is the best method for diagnosing calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate stones. Calcium-containing stones are radiopaque on routine radiography but show up as bright objects on computed helical tomography without contrast. Ultrasonography detects all types of renal stones if the stone is larger than 3 mm and the ultrasound procedure is technically satisfactory.At present, helical computed tomography without contrast is the procedure of choice for the initial radiographic investigation. Of the conditions associated with calcium stones, only pyelo tubular ectasia—medullary sponge kidney—is better demonstrated by intravenous urography.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS TREATED?
Prevention and treatment of Nephrolithiasis depends on the size of stones. Diuretics are prescribed for dissolving small stones. Dietary changes like increased fluid intake, reduced calcium and sodium intake are recommended.
DID YOU KNOW?
""Nephrolithiasis"" is derived from the Greek nephros- (kidney) lithos (stone) = kidney stone. The stones themselves are also called renal calculi. The word ""calculus"" (plural: calculi) is the Latin word for pebble.