Doctors for Nephrolithiasis in New Cotton Market, Hubli-Dharwad
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Nephrolithiasis is defined as a condition that specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys. The most common symptoms here include renal colic or pain, which occurs because of dilation, stretching, and spasm in the area that are a result of acute ureteral obstruction. Stones, which form in the area obstruct the same and lead to acute shooting pains, fainting, loss of appetite and other symptoms.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by a general physician who would do a few blood tests and also ultrasound to see the cause of the blockage and stones.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS TREATED?
The treatment consists of high fluid intake, dietary sodium restriction, and thiazide diuretics. An additional benefit of thiazide diuretics is that their chronic use is associated with preservation of bone mineral density. Dietary calcium restriction is not advised because of the potential for negative calcium balance and because a low-calcium diet increases the gastrointestinal absorption of oxalate and increased oxaluria. In hypercalcemic hypercalciuric stone-forming patients, the cause of the hypercalcemia should be sought and corrected. Correcting the metabolic acidosis in RTA and inflammatory bowel disease increases the urinary citrate excretion, an inhibitor of crystallization, and lessens the urinary calcium excretion.
DID YOU KNOW?
""Nephrolithiasis"" is derived from the Greek nephros- (kidney) lithos (stone) = kidney stone. The stones themselves are also called renal calculi. The word ""calculus"" (plural: calculi) is the Latin word for pebble.