Necrotizing Enterocolitis is a medical condition that is commonly seen in premature infants. In infants with Necrotizing Enterocolitis, portions of the bowel may undergo necrosis or tissue death. It is a serious condition that often results in death. It occurs when the inner lining of the intestine is damaged and begins to die. Symptoms are:
• Bloating or swelling of abdomen
• Bloody stools or diarrhea
• Discoloration of abdomen
• Poor feeding
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS DIAGNOSED?
A paediatrician would observe these symptoms and do a few blood tests and abdominal scan too.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS TREATED?
Treatment for a baby who may have necrotizing enterocolitis most often includes:
• Halting enteral (GI tract) feedings
• Relieving gas in the bowel by inserting a tube in the stomach
• Giving IV fluids and nutrition
• Giving IV antibiotics
• Monitoring the condition with abdominal x-rays, blood tests, and measurement of blood gases
DID YOU KNOW?
According to research, at least 10% of babies who are under 3 pounds at the time of birth have a higher chance of developing Necrotizing enterocolitis or NEC.