Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious disease that occurs when the intestinal tissue become damaged and begins to die. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Necrotizing Enterocolitis include swelling in the abdomen, bloody stools, and diarrhea. If not treated, Necrotizing Enterocolitis can become life-threatening. In a severe case of Necrotizing Enterocolitis, a hole may form in the wall of the intestine and if this happens, the bacteria normally found inside the intestine can leak into the abdomen and cause infection.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS DIAGNOSED?
A paediatrician would observe these symptoms and do a few blood tests and abdominal scan too.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS TREATED?
Treatment for a baby who may have necrotizing enterocolitis most often includes:
• Halting enteral (GI tract) feedings
• Relieving gas in the bowel by inserting a tube in the stomach
• Giving IV fluids and nutrition
• Giving IV antibiotics
• Monitoring the condition with abdominal x-rays, blood tests, and measurement of blood gases
DID YOU KNOW?
Necrotizing Enterocolitis can be a life-threatening disease.