Nasal polyps are tear-shaped swellings in the nose or sinuses, the hollow places in the face. They can grow up to the size of a grape and can block the nasal cavity. Though these are a sort of tumours, they are noncancerous. They are not painful and often linked to allergies or asthma. As the large ones block the nasal cavity, they can cause sinus infection if left untreated. Thus it is crucial for the patient to immediately consult a physician or an ENT surgeon.
Depending on the size and number of polyps, the doctor may prescribe nose drops or nasal sprays for initial nasal polyp treatment. Generally, patients with one or more small polyps are treated with steroid sprays and drops. These contain corticosteroids, a type of substance, which helps in reducing inflammation of the nose and shrink polyps. As steroid nose drops work faster than sprays, these may be used but only after a recommendation by an ENT specialist. As these have side effects, they are prescribed for no more than two weeks for treatment. Some of the side effects are irritation inside of the nose, sore throat and nosebleeds.
To lessen the possibility of the recurrence, a doctor may recommend nasal drops in combination with nasal sprays for long-term treatment, provided the patient's symptoms improve while taking the nasal drops.
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