Myopia or nearsightedness is a common vision defect in which you can see nearby objects clearly but not those located far away. Myopia may develop gradually or may occur all of a sudden. Myopia can run in families or may occur due to incorrect viewing of television or computer. People affected with Myopia are able to see objects located nearby clearly, but not the ones located far away. Other symptoms are:
• Blurry vision of distant objects
• Headache due to eyestrain
• Need to squint for clear view
• Difficulty in driving
HOW IS MYOPIA DIAGNOSED?
An eyecare professional can diagnose myopia during an eye exam, which usually begins with a visual acuity test. If the vision test shows that the patient has nearsighted, the doctor will use a retinoscope to shine light into the eyes and observe the reflection off the retina to determine the amount of refractive error.
HOW IS MYOPIA TREATED?
Treatment involves use of optical glasses or contact lenses. People affected can also consider a refractive surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
A number of alternative therapies exist including eye exercises and relaxation techniques, such as the Bates method of eye exercises are believed to aid with the condition.