Mycosis is a fungal infection that may affect animals as well as human beings. The condition is common and a number of environmental and physiological conditions can cause the spread of the infection. The infection usually starts from the skin or lungs. Symptoms depend on the area affected, but can include skin rash or vaginal infection resulting in abnormal discharge.
HOW IS MYCOSES DIAGNOSED?
A comprehensive history, including a detailed travel history, and physical examination are needed for initial evaluation. Chest x-ray and CT scanning of the chest, abdomen, and brain are useful in finding characteristic features of disease. Isolation of the organism with histopathology or culture is the gold standard to confirm fungal infections, however, this can be time consuming and delay prompt diagnosis. Other diagnostic tests include serologic studies with antigen and antibody assays. Other non culture diagnostic techniques include molecular techniques using nucleic acid (DNA and RNA) probes via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH).
HOW IS MYCOSES TREATED?
Fungal infections are hard to treat. Local application of creams, ointments and sprays are used for systemic treatment of Mycoses
DID YOU KNOW?
Usually prevention is suggested by maintaining good hygiene and healthy habits like frequently washing the hands or using a sanitiser