Mycoses is a fungal infection of animals and humans. Mycoses is a term used to describe a group of environmental and physiological conditions that contribute to the development of a lot of fungal diseases caused by inhalation of fungal spores or localized colonization of the skin. Symptoms of Mycoses are:
• Red or oval lesions which peel off at the edges
• Pustules at the beard
• Redness in anal area and genitals
• Erythematous lesions on scalp
• Scaly scalp
HOW IS MYCOSES DIAGNOSED?
A comprehensive history, including a detailed travel history, and physical examination are needed for initial evaluation. Chest x-ray and CT scanning of the chest, abdomen, and brain are useful in finding characteristic features of disease. Isolation of the organism with histopathology or culture is the gold standard to confirm fungal infections, however, this can be time consuming and delay prompt diagnosis. Other diagnostic tests include serologic studies with antigen and antibody assays. Other non culture diagnostic techniques include molecular techniques using nucleic acid (DNA and RNA) probes via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH).
HOW IS MYCOSES TREATED?
Antifungal drugs are used for treatment. Based on the type of infection oral antifungal medicines or topical anti-fungal ointments are prescribed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Individuals who are being treated with antibiotics or those whose immune system is weakened are at a higher risk of contracting the fungal infection. This is particularly with people who have HIV/ AIDS or who are under steroid treatment or those who are taking chemotherapies.