Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that affects the myelin sheath, the protective lining that covers the nerve cells of the brain and the spinal cord. This causes a disruption in the ability of the nerve cells to communicate leading to physical, mental and psychiatric problems. Symptoms include double vision, blindness in one eye, muscle weakness, trouble with sensation, or trouble with coordination. While the symptoms may disappear after the attack subsides, permanent neurological problems remain.
HOW IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS DIAGNOSED?
A neurologist may perform neurological examination to diagnose Multiple Sclerosis. The doctor also takes into consideration your symptoms and medical history. Imaging tests like MRI of the brain and spinal cord by using a contrast dye is the most effective diagnostic method. A spinal tap or lumbar punctures help find abnormalities in the spinal fluid.
HOW IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS TREATED?
There is no current treatment available for multiple sclerosis but many of the symptoms are manageable through medicines like intravenous corticosteroids, which include methylprednisolone. Alongside the doctor would also encourage the patient to take part in various kinds of counseling and physiotherapy sessions that are accompanied with exercises for the brain.
DID YOU KNOW?
Multiple Sclerosis can develop all at once or progress slowly