Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that affects the myelin sheath, the protective lining that covers the nerve cells of the brain and the spinal cord. This causes a disruption in the ability of the nerve cells to communicate leading to physical, mental and psychiatric problems. Symptoms include double vision, blindness in one eye, muscle weakness, trouble with sensation, or trouble with coordination. While the symptoms may disappear after the attack subsides, permanent neurological problems remain.
HOW IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS DIAGNOSED?
A neurologist may perform neurological examination to diagnose Multiple Sclerosis. The doctor also takes into consideration your symptoms and medical history. Imaging tests like MRI of the brain and spinal cord by using a contrast dye is the most effective diagnostic method. A spinal tap or lumbar punctures help find abnormalities in the spinal fluid.
HOW IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS TREATED?
There is no cure for Multiple Sclerosis, however, the treatment depends on speeding the process of recovery from attacks and slowing the progression of the disease and managing its symptoms. In most of the cases, a physical therapy helps in easing the pain.
DID YOU KNOW?
One of the most debilitating symptoms of multiple sclerosis is fatigue. This is unlike the regular fatigue but causes a complete disruption of your ability to perform any tasks in your everyday routine.