Kaposi's Sarcoma is a type of cancer that affects the skin, mouth and lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are infection fighting glands that usually swell when an infection enters the body. In some cases this type of cancer can affect the lungs and gastrointestinal tract as well. Symptoms are:
• Lesions on the skin
• Flat, painless lesions that are itchy and do not drain
• Red or purple spots on white skin and bluish or blackish on dark skin
• May grow into raised bumps
• Slow growth of lesions
• Trouble eating or swallowing
• Nausea, vomiting
• Internal bleeding and blockages that cause abdominal pain
• Severe swelling in arms and legs
• Serious coughing or shortness of breath
HOW IS KAPOSI'S SARCOMA DIAGNOSED?
The health care practitioner will perform a physical examination and may suggest tests that may include:
• an HIV test – a blood test to confirm whether or not you have HIV (if you haven't already been diagnosed with the condition)
• a skin biopsy – where a small sample of cells is removed from an affected area of skin and checked for Kaposi's sarcoma cells
• an endoscopy – where a thin, flexible tube called an endoscope is passed down your throat to see if your lungs or digestive system are affected
• a computerised tomography (CT) scan to see if your lymph nodes or other parts of your body are affected
HOW IS KAPOSI'S SARCOMA TREATED?
Like any other type of cancer, the main treatments suggested include radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery based on the extent of the spread of the cancer and other aspects on the medical health of the patient.
DID YOU KNOW?
The cancer tumours look like skin lesions and are prominently visible on the legs and face. These lesions can become life threatening when occur in lungs, liver or digestive tract and cause bleeding.