Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis in children under the age of 17. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis causes persistent joint pain, swelling and stiffness. Some children may experience symptoms for only a few months, while others have symptoms for the rest of their lives. There is no evidence that foods, toxins, allergies or lack of vitamins play a role in developing the disease. Current research indicates that there is a genetic predisposition.
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS DIAGNOSED?
The first step is a thorough evaluation of the symptoms and physical examination. Paediatricians may order for blood tests that check the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein and rheumatoid factor for diagnosing the disease. X-rays and other imaging tests may help in ruling out injury to the joints and bones.
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS TREATED?
Treatment for the problem here includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAID followed with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and intra-articular and oral corticosteroids. In rare cases, surgery may also be suggested. Exercises and physiotherapy follow suit.
DID YOU KNOW?
The goal of the treatment is to reduce the progression of the disease and to slow down the symptoms.