Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis or Juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis is the most common type of arthritis that affects children below the age of 17. Children affected by Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis experience symptoms only for a few months in some cases, while others have the pain for the rest of their lives. Symptoms are:
• Pain in joints that causes limping especially after a nap
• Swelling in joints
• Stiffness in joints especially in mornings
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS DIAGNOSED?
The pediatrician will perform a physical examination and ask for details of medical and family history. He may ask for some tests which include:
• CBC (complete blood count)
• Blood culture.
• Bone marrow biopsy
• Erythrocyte sedimentation rate,
• C-reactive protein (CRP) test
• A test for rheumatoid factor (RF) and cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (CCP)
• ANA (antinuclear antibody)
• X-rays of the affected joints
• bone scan.
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS TREATED?
The treatment involves physical therapy along with use of medications. The child may be required to be injected with corticosteroid injections in the affected joints. In very rare cases, kids in their teenage may need a surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
The goal of the treatment is to reduce the progression of the disease and to slow down the symptoms.