The Ischemic Heart Disease or Coronary heart disease is a disease or damage in the heart’s major blood vessels. Ischemia occurs when the arteries get blocked with fatty deposits and plaque accumulation. This makes it difficult for the arteries to supply oxygen rich blood to the heart leading to various cardiovascular complications. The most common symptom of this condition is chest pain. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, dizziness and extreme fatigue.
HOW IS ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
The condition is diagnosed by your general physician by discussing your symptoms and checking your family as well as medical history. The doctor may recommend tests such as electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, exercise tests and CT scan.
HOW IS ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE TREATED?
Ischemic heart disease can be treated successfully with lifestyle changes, medicines, and surgical procedures. One can reduce the risk of ischemic heart disease by following heart-healthy practices, such as eating a low-fat, low-sodium diet, being physically active, not smoking, and maintaining a healthy body weight. Common procedures to treat coronary artery disease include balloon angioplasty (PTCA), stent placement, and coronary artery bypass surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
People who have a family history of Ischemic Heart Disease must ensure a healthy lifestyle and carry out other preventive measures.