Doctors for Infective Endocarditis in Gopankoppa, Hubli-Dharwad
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Infective endocarditis (IE), also called bacterial endocarditis (BE), is an infection caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart lining, a heart valve or a blood vessel. IE is uncommon, but people with some heart conditions have a greater risk of developing it. Endocarditis signs and symptoms vary, but may include:
• Fever and chills
• A new or changed heart murmur — heart sounds made by blood rushing through your heart
• Aching joints and muscles
• Night sweats
• Shortness of breath
• Persistent cough
• Swelling in your feet, legs or abdomen
• Unexplained weight loss
• Blood in your urine (either visible or found in a doctor's viewing of your urine under a microscope)
• Tenderness in your spleen — an infection-fighting abdominal organ on your left side, just below your rib cage
• Osler's nodes — red, tender spots under the skin of your fingers
• Petechiae (puh-TEE-kee-ee) — tiny purple or red spots on the skin, whites of your eyes or inside your mouth
HOW IS INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is based on the medical history and physical signs and symptoms, such as fever. The infection can mimic other illnesses in its early stages. Various tests may be necessary to help make the diagnosis:
• Blood tests. .
• Transesophageal echocardiogram.
• Electrocardiogram (ECG).
• Chest X-ray.
• Computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
HOW IS INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS TREATED?
The most suggested treatment for this problem would be very high doses of antibiotics, which also includes empirical antibiotic therapy and penicillin therapies in many individuals. There is a high risk of heart failure and thus surgical intervention is also required in many cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Good hygiene such as proper dental care, avoiding procedures that can cause skin infections and medical treatment for skin infection and cuts can help to reduce the risk of infective endocarditis.