Infective endocarditis (IE), also called bacterial endocarditis (BE), is an infection caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart lining, a heart valve or a blood vessel. IE is uncommon, but people with some heart conditions have a greater risk of developing it. Endocarditis signs and symptoms vary, but may include:
• Fever and chills
• A new or changed heart murmur — heart sounds made by blood rushing through your heart
• Aching joints and muscles
• Night sweats
• Shortness of breath
• Persistent cough
• Swelling in your feet, legs or abdomen
• Unexplained weight loss
• Blood in your urine (either visible or found in a doctor's viewing of your urine under a microscope)
• Tenderness in your spleen — an infection-fighting abdominal organ on your left side, just below your rib cage
• Osler's nodes — red, tender spots under the skin of your fingers
• Petechiae (puh-TEE-kee-ee) — tiny purple or red spots on the skin, whites of your eyes or inside your mouth
HOW IS INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same would be done via a paediatric expert who would check for blood tests C reactive protein along with doing an ECG.
HOW IS INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS TREATED?
Treatment of Infective Endocarditis involves high doses of antibiotics administered intravenously. In cases where the infection damages the heart valves, valve replacement surgery may be needed.
DID YOU KNOW?
If Infective Endocarditis is left untreated, it may lead to life-threatening complications.