Ichthyosis vulgaris is a skin condition that causes dry, dead skin cells to accumulate in patches on the surface of your skin. It’s also known as “fish scale disease” because the dead skin accumulates in a similar pattern to a fish’s scales. The majority of cases are mild and confined to specific areas of the body. However, some cases are severe and can cover large areas of the body, including the abdomen, back, arms, and legs.
HOW IS ICHTHYOSIS VULGARIS DIAGNOSED?
A dermatologist can diagnose this disorder because of the unique scaly skin of the patient. A skin biopsy can be advised to confirm diagnosis.
HOW IS ICHTHYOSIS VULGARIS TREATED?
There is no cure for this disorder but exfoliating creams and ointments containing lactic acid and glycolic acid can help in increasing skin moisture. Medications to decrease skin cell production could be prescribed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Ichthyosis vulgaris is an autosomal semidominant condition. Semidominant means that a mutation in one gene of the chromosome pair results in a mild version of the disease, whereas a mutation in both genes on the chromosome pair results in a moderate to severe form.