Hypomelanosis of Ito is a disorder in which the skin loses or lacks colour. This discolouration might be in the form of patches, streaks or spirals and can occur on any part of the body. Seizures, dental anomalies such as cleft lips and skeletal abnormalities have been reported and observed by a few patients with this disorder.
HOW IS HYPOMELANOSIS OF ITO DIAGNOSED?
While the exact cause of Hypomelanosis of Ito is unknown, many cases are associated with genetic mosaicism and gene mutations. A Dermatologist diagnoses Hypomelanosis of Ito based upon a thorough study of the patient history and a plethora of specialized tests, CT scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to detect abnormalities in the patient’s body.
HOW IS HYPOMELANOSIS OF ITO TREATED?
Treatment for the Hypomelanosis of Ito is actually not required. In most cases the signs of these streaks go away in time. Cosmetic camouflage is a sensible option for patients who have extreme showings of the same. In case these signs are visible with specific seizure type and epileptic syndrome than other medications are suggested.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though the disease itself is not a problem the risks of seizures associated with it could be a potential threat and may prove fatal.