Hypomagnesemia is a medical condition in which the magnesium levels are abnormal. Hypomagnesemia causes disturbances in many organs of the body. Magnesium is important for proper functioning of organs. Symptoms of Hypomagnesemia are:
• Muscle weakness
• Muscle tightness, tremors and twitches
• Irritability and insomnia
• Numbness and tingling
• Severe drowsiness and fatigue
• Irregular heartbeat
• Seizure and coma
HOW IS HYPOMAGNESEMIA DIAGNOSED?
Your healthcare provider will do a physical exam to help determine the cause of your symptoms. Tests that may be ordered include an electrocardiogram (ECG). Blood and urine tests that may be done include:
• Calcium blood test
• Comprehensive metabolic panel
• Magnesium blood test
• Potassium blood test
• Urine magnesium test
HOW IS HYPOMAGNESEMIA TREATED?
Patients with mild hypomagnesemia can be treated with oral or intravenous supplements of magnesium preparations such as magnesium oxide or magnesium sulfate.
DID YOU KNOW?
Medical conditions putting persons at high risk for hypomagnesemia are alcoholism, congestive heart failure, diabetes, chronic diarrhea, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and malnutrition (strength of recommendation: C, based on expert opinion, physiology, and case series). Evidence suggests that magnesium deficiency is both more common and more clinically significant than generally appreciated.