Hydrocele Hernia is a sac filled with fluid that forms around the testicle and cause the scrotum or groin area to swell or become large, and this may fluctuate in size. Whilst Hydrocele Hernia is common in newborns, it can also occur at a later stage in life. In most of the cases, Hydrocele Hernia enlarges the scrotum, and the symptoms of Hydrocele Hernia may include pain, swelling, feeling itchy at the base of the penis or redness of the scrotum.
HOW IS HYDROCELE HERNIA DIAGNOSED?
A hydrocele is usually diagnosed by an exam of the scrotum, which may appear enlarged. As part of the exam, the doctor will shine a light behind each testicle (transillumination). This is to check for solid masses that may be caused by other problems, such as cancer of the testicle. An ultrasound may be used to confirm the diagnosis of a hydrocele.
HOW IS HYDROCELE HERNIA TREATED?
If hydroceles increase in size or show any changes and symptoms then they can be removed with the help of surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
Hydroceles and inguinal hernias can become a problem for males. Females do not get hydroceles, but they can get hernias. Ten times more males get hernias than females.
Hernia develops when an organ protrudes through the cavity in which it is normally placed. It mostly occurs in the groin and abdominal areas. Often hereditary in nature, hernias can also develop because of:
• Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
• Collagen Vascular Disease
• Peritoneal dialysis
• Previous open appendectomy
Inguinal, umbilical and incisional hernia are the three main types of hernia. Femoral and hiatal hernias are more uncommon.
• Inguinal hernia: When the contents of the abdominal cavity protrude into the inguinal canal, inguinal hernia develops. Largely painless, this hernia can induce mild discomfort while exercising, coughing or defecation. A visible pear-shaped bulge may develop on the right side of the groin which grows bigger in size when the patient is standing up.
Surgery is required if the hernia cannot be placed back into the abdomen and becomes ‘incarcerated’. In some cases, the inguinal hernia may block blood supply to a part of the intestine. This stage, called ‘strangulation’ may cause gangrenes and gut ischemia, both of which are potentially fatal.
• Umbilical hernia: If the wall of the abdomen and the navel are damaged, it causes umbilical hernia. Manifested in the form of abnormal swelling of the naval region, umbilical hernia is usually present in infants and resolves itself without medical intervention by the time the child is 2 or 3 years old.
If the hernia develops from a congenital malformation of the navel or is acquired as a result of an increase in intra-abdominal pressure due to obesity, persistent coughing or multiple pregnancies, medical attention is required. They are usually treated with medicines and kept under observation.
1. Incisional hernia: Incisional hernia develops at or around an imperfectly healed surgical wound. It usually appears as a bulge at the sight of the scar.
• Femoral hernia: When the contents of the abdominal cavity pas through a weak spot known as the femoral canal, femoral hernia occurs. More common in women than in men and in children below the age of one, femoral hernia is visible in the form of a globular lump in the groin area.
• Hiatal hernia: If the upper part of the stomach protrudes into the thorax through the hiatus of the oesophagus as a result of a tear in the diaphragm, hiatus or hiatal hernia develops. It may cause symptoms like dull chest pains, shortness of breath, heartburn and heart palpitations. In most cases however, it has no symptoms.
Hernia treatment usually includes hernia operations. The hernia operations can however be complicated as a result of the following developments:
• Haemorrhaging or internal bleeding.
• Irreducibility, Incarceration and Strangulation.
• Inflammation or an injury causing swollenness or redness of any part of the body.
• Obstruction of lumen.
• Hydrocele of the hernial sac causing accumulation of body fluid in a body cavity.
• Autoimmune problems in which the immunity system of the body turns against itself and starts destroying cells.
Hernia operations are usually routine. If complicated by any of the aforementioned conditions however, there are significant risks involved.
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