A heart attack happens when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked and the heart can’t get oxygen. If blood flow isn't restored quickly, the section of heart muscle begins to die. Symptoms can include:
• chest pain – the chest can feel like it is being pressed or squeezed by a heavy object and pain can radiate from the chest to the jaw, neck, arms and back
• shortness of breath
• feeling weak and/or lightheaded
• overwhelming feeling of anxiety
HOW IS HEART ATTACK DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of heart attack is done by the emergency cardiologist team. Electrocardiogram, echocardiography or blood tests help diagnose heart attack. Cardiac catheterization is used in the first hours of heart attack if medications do not relieve ischemia.
HOW IS HEART ATTACK TREATED?
Treatment of heart attack includes taking the patient to the hospital immediately. Different types of medications are given to reduce the clots that prevent blood flow to the heart. Thrombolytic therapy, which is known as clot busters is given along with medications like Brilinta, Effient, etc. to help the heart function normally.
DID YOU KNOW?
Those coming out of a Heart Attack have to resume their activities as early as possible to make the blood blow to the heart better.
If you are suddenly experiencing pain in your jaw, abdomen, chest or left hand, then you should be cautious. All these are signs of heart attacks. These signs may be accompanied by fatigue and nausea or vomiting. Some heart attacks are silent and the person does not know that he is suffering from heart attack.
Heart attack is caused due to the blockage of the artery supplying blood to the heart. The blockage is caused due to the build up of plaque, fatty deposits and cholesterol on the walls of the blood vessel. Main reasons for fat build up are high cholesterol, hypertension or even diabetes. All these factors cause the blood vessel to be blocked. Smoking and drinking can higher the chances of a heart attack. Proper management of diabetes and hypertension also reduces the risk. Obese persons should try to control their weight and hence prevent chances of getting heart attack.
In the event of a heart attack, immediate medical care is required. Once the person is hospitalized he will be given some treatments. They include restoration of the blocked artery and supply of blood to the heart. Another treatment is thrombolysis where the blood clot is cleared with the help of medicines. Sometimes both these treatments will not work, hence the patient is not offered any of them.
To understand heart attack better, we should understand the working of the heart. The heart like all other muscles is a muscle and once it stops working due to insufficient blood supply then a heart attack happens. Insufficient blood supply may be caused due to clots in the blood or due to blockage in the artery supplying blood to the heart. Plaque build up in the artery as well as cholesterol deposits can cause coronary artery blockage.
A heart attack is different from cardiac arrest. When a person suffers cardiac arrest he becomes unconscious and the heart stops working. In the event of a heart attack the person does not become unconscious. However, a heart attack can turn into a cardiac arrest and the heart will stop working.
As always said prevention is better than cure. Try taking all preventive measures to avoid a heart attack. A healthy lifestyle which is a mixture of good diet, regular exercise and stress free life can do wonders to your body and heart.
If you have a family history of heart attacks, then it is best to consult a cardiologist even before the heart attack happens. Try to get the list of best cardiologists from all over India through Lybrate. So why wait. Check out for the list of cardiologists in your city and undertake an online consultation to enable you to understand about heart attack. If any of your loved ones has experienced any symptom of heart attack then immediately consult the cardiologist. Lybrate has all the details to help you out in such crisis. You can consult doctors from all over India. Choose the doctor who you feel will give you the best solution to your problem in Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Coimbatore, Panaji.
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