Heart Attack or a myocardial infarction is a condition in which the heart tissue dies due to lack of oxygen supply. Healing of the heart muscle happens immediately after the heart attack, but the scar tissue does not contract. Heart’s pumping capability decreases after a heart attack. Symptoms are:
• Discomfort or heaviness or pressure in the chest
• Pain that radiates to the jaw, back or throat
• Fullness or indigestion or choking feeling
• Sweating or dizziness
• Rapid or irregular heartbeats
HOW IS HEART ATTACK DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by a cardiology expert who would also examine the patient while conducting tests like Echocardiography, blood test, ECG and other relevant tests to determine extent of heartache.
HOW IS HEART ATTACK TREATED?
The treatment begins immediately -- possibly in the ambulance or emergency room. Drugs and surgical procedures are used to treat a heart attack. The goals of drug therapy are to break up or prevent blood clots, prevent platelets from gathering and sticking to the plaque, stabilize the plaque and prevent further ischemia. In some cases, procedures (such as angioplasty or stents) are used to open up your narrowed or blocked arteries. If necessary, bypass surgery may be performed in the days following the heart attack to restore the heart muscle's supply of blood.
DID YOU KNOW?
The usual recovery period for a heart attack is about 8 weeks.
Heart attack on hearing the word it creates a sort of fear in our minds. Heart attack is the blockage of arteries of supplying blood to the heart. A person suffering from heart attack has to be immediately attended to prevent damage to the heart muscle. Any major damage to the heart muscle can be fatal and hence quick medical aid enables saving the patient.
If a person is suffering pain in the left hand, jaw, abdomen or chest then he is suffering from heart attack. Some people suffer silent attack in which there is no pain at all. Many develop dizziness or nausea.
The person has to be hospitalized immediately and given quick medical aid. This involves Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PPCI) which is restoration of the blocked coronary artery and blood supply to the heart muscle is restored. Another method is thrombolysis where medicine is injected into the blood stream to remove any blood clot or blockage of the artery. Some patients do not respond to both the treatments and hence they are not provided any of them.
A heart attack and a cardiac arrest are different. Cardiac arrest involves stopping the working of the heart rendering the patient to be unconscious. A heart attack can lead to a cardiac arrest.
It is better to prevent a heart attack by taking appropriate steps. Major lifestyle changes can prevent the happening of a heart attack. Lifestyle changes include proper exercise, good diet and stress free life. Smoking and drinking are one of the major causes of heart attack. Smokers and drinkers are more prone to heart attacks. Quitting smoking and drinking can help in preventing heart attack.
Many factors contribute to heart attack. Some of them are diabetes, hypertension, cholesterol, obesity. Some factors like obesity are in our control. Proper weight management aids in reducing the risk of heart attack. Management of diabetes and hypertension also can reduce the risk of heart attack.
Heart attack happens when the artery supplying blood to the heart muscle gets blocked due to fat deposits. Fat deposits in the blood are a result of high cholesterol and plaque. They get accumulated on the walls of the arteries preventing blood flow to the heart. Sometimes a blood clot may develop in the arteries which may block the blood flow. All these are reasons for heart attack.
Coming to know all these factors it is best to keep in mind that a cardiologist alone can help during a heart attack. Lybrate has a list of cardiologists from all over India. Check the list to find out about cardiologists in your city or town. Online consultation is available with this online platform. You can clarify all your doubts about heart attack and check out for preventive measures from cardiologist online. You can consult doctors from all over India. Choose the doctor who you feel will give you the best solution to your problem in Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, Indore, Jaipur.
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