A rare disorder, Familial Tumoral Calcinosis, leads to development of ectopic calcium deposits in the soft tissue in the periarticular location or around the joints. Children and adolescents are most commonly affected with this disorder. The prominent symptom includes painless swelling around joints. The condition presents the calcium deposits most commonly around the shoulders, hips and elbows.
HOW IS FAMILIAL TUMORAL CALCINOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Laboratory evaluation is recommended by a general physician when there is swelling around the joints that is prominent yet there is no associated pain. The lab tests will reveal normal serum calcium levels with hyperphosphatemia.
HOW IS FAMILIAL TUMORAL CALCINOSIS TREATED?
The treatment focuses on the balancing of the levels of phosphate levels and resection of lesion. Surgery is performed to remove the excess growth. Medicines are prescribed as painkillers in many cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Other features of FTC include eye abnormalities such as calcium buildup in the clear front covering of the eye or angioid streaks that occur when tiny breaks form in the layer of tissue at the back of the eye called Bruch's membrane. Inflammation of the long bones or excessive bone growth may occur. Some affected individuals have dental abnormalities. In males, small crystals of cholesterol can accumulate (microlithiasis) in the testicles, which usually causes no health problems.